When you plant a vineyard, you have to make appropriate assessments: first all you have to consider the nature of the vine and all its physical / biological characteristics. Certified plants offer the best guarantees in relation to the clone of belonging and are safe from a health point of view. Another important choice is the farming method. For the systems which are defined Controspalliera, is generally used a 3x1,5m planting system. The row spacing is different according to the plots of land, but in general one starts from a minimum of 2.5 meters in order to guarantee the transition of the tractors and other agricultural machines throw the vineyard. Another key point is the choice of the type of posts. Our company is a leader in the production of concrete posts, but also produces metal poles - round or profile section which will be able to guarantee a long-lasting plantation over the time.
Where to start
By working the soil before planting the poles, will make the vineyard more productive: the rain water will be able to penetrate in the ground more easily as the fertilizers. The air circulation will be improved remove, the planting of the poles will be much more easier.
After working the land, the poles are installed inside the ground for approximately 60-70 cm with the help of the planting posts machine.
For more details click on our video: http://www.youtube.com/user/Prestilpalifeature=mhee#p/u/0/cENeohSGiWE
We suggest to install the poles to a maximum distance of 5 meters, in order to ensure a safe system even in case of bad weather. Once the planting is done, the wires need to be stretched. Generally the wires are installed in double or three levels and their function is to contain the vegetation.
The installation of the orchard plants is more complex compared to the vineyards, also because of the machines which are needed. The orchard systems plantations are done with pre stressed concrete posts: these posts are strong and flexible at the same time. Nevertheless they must ensure the weight of the net in the presence of heavy hailstorms.
The anti-hail net appears to be a key element for the type of orchard plantation. Prestil provides different types of nets depending on the use: black, neutral, crystal, grey.
Here above: two pictures of an anti-hail orchard plantation.